YOUR DIET AND RENAL DISEASE

TO EAT OR NOT TO EAT
You may have been diagnosed with renal disease and now you are wondering what to eat. What to eat is dependent on a number of factors; the type of renal condition you have, specific indicators in your blood chemistry and your general state of health and other health conditions you may have.

In this article I will try to tackle a few areas on renal nutrition based on frequently asked questions by patients.

CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
Some blood chemistry indicators important in choosing the food to eat are; potassium, phosphate, calcium, sodium, bicarbonate,and albumin.

POTASSIUM
Potassium is an important mineral needed in the bodies metabolism. It is very important to the body but  when somebody has renal disease, the potassium blood potassium content can go very high which is dangerous and can affect how the heart works. If you have been told you need to lower your blood potassium, then you need to avoid foods that contain more than 200mg of potassium per serving.
FOODS THAT ARE HIGH IN POTASSIUM
FRUITS
Banana, dried fruits, raisins,pawpaw,avocados,oranges
DRINKS
Fruit juice cocktails, beer, malted,tomato juice,coconut water, colored fizzy drinks
OTHERS
Mushrooms,beans of all kinds, nuts of all kinds, plantain,potato,and other tubers, cocoa, coffee
COOKING METHODS THAT LOWER POTASSIUM CONTENT
Vegetables: boil and drain stock
Plantain, potato and other starchy tubers: soak in water for about two hours then boil in fresh water.
Avoid chips and crisps which tend to have a higher potassium content.

Your Dietitian can help you make the right food choices and serving size to choose.

PHOSPHORUS
This is another mineral that is of concern to many people who are living with renal disease. When the kidneys are not functioning,as well as they should phosphate levels could rise beyond normal the blood.

High phosphate levels could cause itchy skins and eyes, sore muscles and joints and can affect the heart.

Blood phosphate levels could be maintained at normal values by reducing the intake of foods high in phosphorus and by taking phosphate binders with your meals. Phosphate binders should be taken food. The medicine will not work if it is taken without food because, it is supposed to bind the phosphate in the food. It is important to follow your doctor’s
instructions concerning all your medications.

REDUCE THE IN TAKEN OF HIGH PHOSPHATE FOODS.

HIGH PHOSPHATE FOODS TO REDUCE ARE:
Nuts of all kinds, melon seeds(agushi), neri, dawadawa, cocoa, milky beverages and snacks, egg yolks, oats and wheat bran, cheese and fula.

It is also high in most high protein foods. Talk to your dietician about the safe amounts to take.

SOME FOODS HIGH IN POTASSIUM
SOME FOODS HIGH IN POTASSIUM

FOR MORE INFORMATION; Contact Ernestina Eduful RD at teduful@gmail.com

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